The hottest plastic bags are making a comeback. Ho

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Plastic bags are making a comeback. How can the "plastic restriction order" work

according to the relevant supplementary opinions on the plastic restriction order issued by the Ministry of Commerce, the national development and Reform Commission and the State Administration for Industry and commerce, unmarked hand torn bags (even roll bags) must also be delisted before September 30. From October 1, in addition to clearly prohibiting the use of roll bags as shopping bags, roll bags must be marked with the words of food supplies and QS and other signs. However, it was found in the interview that the actual implementation was embarrassing. The plastic restriction order has become a mere formality, which deserves attention

free plastic bags are popular

the plastic restriction order no longer allows businesses to provide plastic bags for customers for free, but charges. Of course, businesses are willing to do so. However, it is not difficult for ordinary people to change a living habit, but how to establish a new habit and whether it is convenient for life. Otherwise, people will feel very uncomfortable in the process of change, making the implementation work difficult and embarrassing. Ms. liyaqin, who lives in Taoyuan community, Saihan District, said in an interview that now that the pace of life is fast, it is difficult for people to take the time to buy vegetables with baskets. Therefore, many people have formed the habit of going to the supermarket empty handed. Even if plastic bags are charged, if the price is only a few cents, many consumers, especially young people, are still difficult to change the habit of shopping with plastic bags. Of course, the purpose of the state's plastic restriction order is to protect the environment. But to limit plastic bags, we must first find suitable substitutes and make greater efforts in recycling and reuse, otherwise good things will easily become a show. Ms. Li analyzed it like this. Indeed, I also noticed in the interview that the current plastic limit order has really become a mere formality. Although most supermarkets have achieved certain results in implementing the plastic restriction order, the plastic restriction order has become a decoration in farmers' markets and small street stores. On the morning of November 7, I saw in the dongwayao farmers' market in Hohhot and the morning market in Wulan community that except for some elderly people who bought vegetables with their own cloth bags, the vast majority of customers used free plastic bags provided by merchants. An old merchant who claimed to be surnamed Wang said that when the plastic restriction order was just implemented, the relevant personnel told them that they could no longer use free plastic bags, and people from the industrial and commercial department often came to check. It is said that some vendors have been fined for not using environmentally friendly plastic bags. Therefore, the merchants had some scruples, but later, first, the customers needed it, and second, there was less inspection. Therefore, everyone brazenly began to provide free plastic bags to customers. The owner of a grain and oil distribution store said that most customers have this mentality. Since there are free plastic bags to use, why do you spend a few cents on plastic bags! After the plastic restriction order, some regular customers were unwilling to come because plastic bags charged 20 cents to customers, which also affected their normal sales. Later, seeing that everyone used free plastic bags again, it was too troublesome to explain to each customer for 20 cents, so they slowly began to use free plastic bags again

even the roll bag in the supermarket still has no sign

and the situation of even the roll bag is also not much better. Even roll bags are basically used in supermarkets to pack fruits, vegetables, raw meat, cooked food stores and other kinds of bulk food. Although the three ministries and commissions of the state require that the roll on bags must be marked with signs such as food and QS from October 1, the implementation is not ideal in some supermarkets. In interviews with some supermarkets, it was found that the roll on bags provided by supermarkets were still the original translucent plastic bags without any signs, and even ultra-thin white plastic bags were still used on some counters selling steamed stuffed buns, fermented skins and other cooked food. However, it is difficult to find the continuous roll bag with special food and QS logo. In a supermarket, the customer directly tore off the bag and filled it with corn flour. He asked the salesperson if he knew that the roll bag must be marked with food supplies and QS signs. The conductor shook his head and said he was not very clear. While some cooked food counters are provided with plastic bags by the suppliers themselves, which are printed with their commodity names, and other words with advertising colors

in fact, there are two kinds of roll bags in supermarkets: one is food, which can directly package cooked food and other foods that do not need to be washed twice and can be directly imported; The other is non food. Most non food roll bags are made of PE and added with calcium carbonate, that is, industrial ash powder, which is cheap. However, if such continuous roll bags are used for food packaging, it will be harmful to human health. Therefore, in response to this situation, the three national ministries and commissions made subsequent supplementary provisions. However, from the overall situation, large supermarkets generally do a good job in the implementation of the plastic restriction order, but those farmers' markets, morning markets and so on have become furnishings, and the plastic restriction order has almost become a dead letter in these places. Moreover, there is also a situation worthy of our attention, that is, the plastic restriction order implemented by the state stipulates that the rod that drives the pendulum to swing moves along the axis. Throughout the country, the production, sale and use of plastic shopping bags with a thickness of less than 0.025 mm are prohibited, and the paid use system will be implemented if the thin plastic bags that need to strengthen the dominant position of the enterprise market are not included. The original intention of this passage is to reduce the use of plastic bags and arouse people's awareness of environmental protection by charging. However, some businesses have used the plastic restriction order to set up downwind toll cars. Although the plastic bag is the same as the original plastic bag, it is fair to put the fee away. In fact, once the plastic bag is charged, it will become a commodity, which should have the name, address, factory name and barcode on it. Otherwise, it can be regarded as a "three no" product. In such a case, consumers can complain to the industrial and commercial department on the basis of the charge

improving legislation is the key

it is understood that although the plastic restriction order originally issued was jointly issued by the three ministries and commissions of the country, its supervision and implementation seems to be only the industrial and commercial department. Plastic bags exist in all aspects of people's lives. With limited human and technical means, how to effectively supervise and manage them is a difficult problem. According to the relevant personage of Hohhot industry and Commerce Department, since the implementation of the plastic restriction order, although they have organized many special inspections, they have also fined some small supermarkets with poor law enforcement. However, in the face of many farmers' markets and mobile vendors, this work has indeed brought them great difficulties. Therefore, to truly implement the plastic restriction order, first of all, the state should check the source, shut down enterprises that produce unqualified products, and prohibit unqualified plastic bags from entering the market. Secondly, in daily governance, multiple departments should participate to form a joint force to strengthen supervision

some people believe that the key to avoiding the plastic restriction order becoming a dead letter is to manage from the source. As long as the market does not produce that kind of environmentally friendly plastic bags, natural people will not use them, but the past is contrary to their wishes. Judging from the current situation, many businesses still have channels to get some ultra-thin plastic bags that do not meet environmental standards. Driven by market demand, some enterprises still produce this kind of ultra-thin plastic bags with low technology and low cost. After the implementation of the plastic restriction order, free became a charge, ② Of course, fixture manufacturers with a small experimental force are happy. However, for most ordinary citizens, the living habits formed over the years may be difficult to change for the time being. For law enforcement departments, the limited human and technical means make it difficult for them to effectively supervise many mobile vendors and farmers' markets. So, how can we really implement the plastic restriction order? Lawyer Wei Quan of Inner Mongolia Mengyuan law firm believes that the legislation should be improved to fundamentally solve the problem

Lawyer Wei Quan believes that the deep-seated reason for the embarrassment faced by the current plastic restriction order lies in the incomplete legislation. He said that the legislative purpose of the measures for the administration of paid and used plastic bags in commodity retail places is to save resources and protect the environment. However, the paid use of plastic bags has not fundamentally solved the problem. Moreover, in the long run, it is very difficult to fully implement the paid sales of plastic shopping bags in urban and rural areas. The problems of environmental protection and energy conservation will not be cured, but may also increase the burden on the people and cause new contradictions. He believes that legislation needs to be improved in this regard, especially to clearly stipulate in the legislation that plastic shopping bag manufacturers and commodity operators should establish a plastic shopping bag recycling mechanism and clearly mark the price. At present, the waste of waste plastic shopping bags is particularly serious, and the environmental pollution problem is also very prominent. The root cause is that there is no paid recycling channel for waste plastic shopping bags. Such cheap waste plastic shopping bags are discarded by consumers at will, which will inevitably cause environmental pollution and resource waste. The paid recycling of plastic bags itself is a kind of resource conservation. According to the principle of who produces who recycles, who manages who recycles, the environmental pollution of plastic shopping bags can be eliminated. At the same time, manufacturers should also be encouraged to carry out scientific research and innovation to produce new shopping substitutes that are environmentally friendly and convenient for life. If each plastic shopping bag is recycled at a certain price, consumers can sell shopping bags to recycling agencies for reuse, and the practice of discarding shopping bags at will can be eliminated. This is more resource-saving and humanized than simply sending it to the digital display meter or computer to limit the use of plastic bags through pricing. (Wen/Dongyu)

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